Answer from Daniel, SHRM-CP:

There is no federal requirement for employers to provide written notice about why someone is being terminated, but we do recommend providing written notice as best practice. This reduces the likelihood of the terminated employee spinning up their own (possibly illegal) reason for the termination and then claiming there is no documentation to the contrary.

If you provide a letter, it should include the reason for the termination, any relevant details regarding their benefits, and when and how they’ll receive their last paycheck (if you aren’t giving it to them in person at the termination meeting). The employee may not be in the best frame of mind to remember the details of your meeting, and the letter will remind them what comes next. We recommend being truthful and direct about the reason for terminating an employee. Doing so can help provide closure and is generally a professional courtesy.

This Q&A does not constitute legal advice and does not address state or local law.

Daniel has over 12 years of experience in the communications, government relations, political advocacy, and customer service fields. He has a BS in Journalism and Communications. He has run a small business of his own and sat on the Board of Directors of several local non-profits. In his free time he enjoys cooking, hiking, camping, and home brewing.